Groenkloof Pass (P2943)

Read 166 times
Steep gradients, cattle grids and wonderful Namaqualand scenery Steep gradients, cattle grids and wonderful Namaqualand scenery - Photo: Trygve Roberts

This is the longest of the trio of passes in the higher sections of Namaqualand, east of Garies and Kamieskroon along the north-south axis on the P2943. The aptly named Groenkloof Pass traverses a narrow valley compressed between tall granite mountains. This valley is surprisingly well watered and green and becomes a flower wonderland in spring. The 5,9 km long pass gets quite steep on its southern side with gradients around 1:7 and there are one or two very sharp corners to contend with. The road is suitable for all vehicles, except in very wet weather when a 4WD would be a better option. Keep a look out in thevideo clip at 1.32 for the pair of 'meerkatte' playing chicken in the road.


Scroll down to view the map & video. It is recommended to watch this video in HD. (Click on the "quality" button on the lower taskbar of the video screen and select 720HD.) Wait a few seconds for the video to display.....

[Video cover photo by Trygve Roberts]

FULL-SCREEN MODE: Click PLAY, then pass your mouse over the bottom right corner of the video screen. The outline of a square will appear. Clicking on it will toggle Full Screen Mode. Press ESC to return to the original format.

Note: Google Earth software reads the actual topography and ignores roads, cuttings, tunnels, bridges and excavations. The Google Earth vertical-profile animation generates a number of parallax errors, so the profile is only a general guide of what to expect in terms of gradients, distance and elevation. The graph may present some impossible and improbably sharp spikes, which should be ignored.

 Digging into the details:

Getting there: From the north, this pass can be approached either from the R355 in the east or from Kamieskroon in the west off the N7. Follow the directions for each of the following passes via the hyperlinks provided, as all three are on the same road and follow in a sequence from north to south. from Kamieskroon, first head east over the Kamiesberg Pass, then head south over the Draaiklip Pass, followed very soon by the Leliefontein Pass, to arrive at the northern start of the Groenkloof Pass 2,5 km beyond the southern end of the Leliesfontein Pass.

Spring time in NamaqualandSpring in Namaqualand / Photo: PanoramioFor those wanting to drive it in the opposite direction, head over Studer's Pass from Garies, and turn left at the staggered intersection at GPS S30.390518 E18.139096 and head north for 2,5 km to arrive at the southern start of Groenkloof Pass.

We filmed this pass from north to south. Regardless of which direction you travel along this road, you will end up traversing all three of the passes on the R2943. These are from north to south the Draaiklip, Leliefontein and Groenkloof passes.

This lovely and very scenic pass has quite a big altitude variance of 251m and some very sharp corners, most of which occur over a short section towards the southern end of the pass. From the northern start and summit point of 1385m ASL, the road heads towards the ESE and begins descending very gradually at 1:40. Here you can relax and enjoy the fabulous Namaqualand vistas of rounded granite boulders and wide views of the big mountains.

Johannes se BergThe granite mountain Johannes se Berg dominates the scenery at the northern start / Photo: Trygve RobertsA smaller gravel road connects with the P2943 from the left, which originates in Leliefontein. The big mountain immediately to the left is Johannes se Berg with a summit height of 1550m. To the right is a wide and surprisngly fertile valley with a tall ridge of mountains known as Vissersplaat [1478m]. The road heads along this valley meandering through easy corners and descending very gradually till the 1,5 km point, where a wide bend to the right, changes the direction into the SSE and the gradient increases to 1:25.

The going remains easy as the valley gradually narrows towards an obvious kloof in the distance. The actual entrance into the Groenkloof is reached at 2,8 km mark as the bulky mountain of 1583m on the left dominates the views to the east and just a little further to the south-east is the slightly lower Sittensberg [1553m].

As the kloof narrows, the road loses it's easy gradients and bends and speed needs to be lowered to a suggested 30 kph as the gradients suddenly get as steep as 1:7 and the bends and corners increase sharply in frequency and radius. There are 19 sharp bends along this section alone and one cattle grid, which is located at the 4,2 km mark.

In the heart of the GroenkloofIn the heart of the Groenkloof / Photo: Trygve RobertsThe pass ends at the 5,9 km mark adjacent to the farm Koorlandskloof. Continue for a further 2,5 km to arrive at Die Kruis, where you have route options. To return to Garies via Studers Pass, turn right here. To return to Garies via the Langkloof Pass and Skuinshoogte Pass, go straight. This latter option involves several farm gates to be opened and closed and is the slower of the two route options.

There are many places to stop safely along this road, where you can take in the solitude and majesty of the Namaqualand mountain scenery. The only time you are likely to come across any meaningful traffic on this road is during the flower season of August and September.

If you enjoy these gravel passes and the wild flowers, we recommend a circular route, which is better driven in a clockwise loop, starting at Kamieskroon via the Kamiesberg Pass, Klipdraai Pass, Leliefontein Pass, Groenkloof Pass and Studers or Langkloof passes, ending at Garies. This big loop will take several hours and provide you with one of the finest scenic drives in Namaqualand.

NamaqualandWall to wall flowers / Photo: Namaqualand Flower ToursNamaqualand! 100% big sky country. Extending from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the small town of Pofadder in the east, north from the great Orange River and south beyond Garies, Namaqualand is indeed a vast and varied region. During the arid summer months it is difficult for the tourist to imagine the phenomenon of the yearly wild flower appearance.

After the winter rainfall, Namaqualand dons her coat of many colours and for a brief moment, the wildflowers invade the countryside. Countless poems, novels, paintings and prose have been dedicated to this annual shower of God's colour.

Simon van der Stel, Governor of the Cape of Good Hope, discovered the rich copper deposits of Namaqualand during 1685 although, long before any ship docked at Table Bay the local Nama people had fine tuned the art of smelting copper and using it for domestic and decorative use.

Copper and diamond mining brought a diversity of people to the area and thus created economic stability. In Namaqualand the visitor will find indescribable treasures amongst the wide selection of remarkable fauna and flora.

[Info sourced]

Fact File:

GPS START  S30.334173 E18.095746
GPS SUMMIT S30.334173 E18.095746
GPS END  S30.370410 E18.126860
SURFACE Gravel (P2943)
DATE FILMED 22.07.2016
NEAREST TOWN Garies (35 km)

Route Map:

Use these powerful features to get the best use out of the map:

  • Choose either Map View or Satellite View (overlaid on the map detail.)
  • Zoom in and out; rotate in any direction.
  • Use the Get Route'feature (directly beneath the map): type in your address to get a personalised route straight from where you are to the pass, with time and distance included.
  • Detailed written and printable directions.
  • Drag the 'little orange man' icon onto the pass for a complete 360° tiltable "street view".

From Address:

Route files:

Register and get access to route files. Simply download to your PC/Laptop/Mobile device and transfer the file directly to your GPS for 100% accurate navigation from start to end. This is a free service to registered users.

Please Register or Log in to access these files.

Route files are only available to Registered users. When you register you will also be subscribed to our News Updates.

Mountain Passes South Africa

Our website is dedicated to the research, documentation, photographing and filming of the mountain passes of South Africa.

Passes are classified according to provinces and feature a text description, Fact File including GPS data, a fully interactive dual-view map and a narrated YouTube video.

Subscribe to our Site

We offer a totally free subscription. You will receive an email notification every time a new pass has been uploaded. You will also get access to registered content on our site.


MPSA Tour Discount

Receive the following discount on any of the Mountain Passes Tours: R100

Use Coupon Code: mpsa4xh3za

More information

Route File

On a pass-page, scroll down to below the Route Map, to download the Route File. Available only to Registered Users.


Mountain Passes South Africa

Mountain Passes South Africa is a website dedicated to the research, documentation, photographing and filming of the mountain passes of South Africa.

Passes are classified according to provinces and feature a text description, Fact File including GPS data, a fully interactive dual-view map and a narrated YouTube video.

Master Orientation Map

Master Orientation Map We are as passionate about maps as we are about mountain passes. A good map is a thing of beauty that can transport you into the mists of time or get your sense of adventure churning. It is a place to make discoveries about deserts and seas, mountains and lakes; of roads leading into places you have not been before; a place to pore over holiday destinations or weekend camping trips. A map is your window to the world.

View Master Orientation Map...